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Kadoma is a City located in Chegutu District, Mashonaland West Province. It was formerly Gatooma. It is on the main Harare to Bulawayo highway, and railway line. The name may be derived from an Ndebele word kaduma, meaning "does not thunder or make noise", the name given to a nearby hill.


140 km south west of Harare, on the main Harare - Bulawayo Road.
Altitude - 1 160m
18° 21′ S, 29° 55′ E.


See Distances in Zimbabwe


It is said to be named after the hill Kaduma, near Golden Valley. It is Sindebele meaning it, which does not thunder nor make noise. Likely the hill was venerated as an early shrine, but was silent, no spirits spoke from it's depths. [1] Kadoma, in 1901, was a railway station.[2] After witnessing some growth between 1901 and 1907 a Village Management Board was established. In 1912, Kadoma was the third largest town in the country and in 1917 it was awarded municipal status. The town has grown ever since then to be one of the major urban centres in the country. On the 17th of March 2000, Kadoma was awarded the status of a city.[2] [3]

A historic building is the Standard Bank Building, nthe corner of Baker and Newton Streets. It was erected in 1911 for a cost of £2969 12s 8d. It opened in 1912.

The Kadoma local government is Kadoma Municipality.
The water supply is Claw Dam.
[4] In 2009, the City's mayor was His Worship Muchineripi Chinyanganya.

Other information

The city is endowed with natural resources such as fertile land and gold. The presence of alluvial gold has also seen an influx of gold panners who descend on the city to try their luck.[2] In 1925 a cotton ginnery and research station were established. Other area minerals include magnesite, copper and nickel. [3]


1969 - 18 740 Africans, 1879 Europeans, 143 Asians, 178 coloureds, 20 940 total. [5]
1987 - 44 613.
2009 was about 79 174 people.

They are served by Kadoma General Hospital.
See Chemukute Secondary School.
See Jameson High School.
See Murambwa Secondary School.


Central Government

In the Zimbabwe 1985 Parliamentary Election, Kadoma returned to Parliament:

In the 1990 Parliamentary Election (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Kadoma East returned to Parliament:

Turnout - 33 498 voters or 95.18 %

Kadoma West returned:

Turnout - 31 663 voters or 73.16 %

In the 2000 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Kadoma West returned to Parliament:

Kadoma East returned:

Kadoma Central returned:

Following the death of Austin Mupandawana on 9 August 2003, a by election was held 29–30 November 2003. The result, Kadoma Central returned to Parliament:

In the 2013 Elections, (see A History of Zimbabwean Elections) Kadoma Central returned to Parliament:

Total 19 756 votes

Local Government

On 15 September 2023, it was reported that Kadoma Municipality elected Councillor Nigel Ruzario Mayor. [6]

Further Reading


  1. [Chief Information Officer, Lore and Legend of Southern Rhodesia Place Names] (Southern Rhodesia Information Service, Salisbury, 1960) Retrieved 8 November 2021"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Kadoma Town, Kadoma Town, Published: No date given, Retrieved: July 21, 2015
  3. 3.0 3.1 [Katherine Sayce (Ed), Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe], Tabex, Encyclopedia Zimbabwe, (Quest Publishing, Harare, 1987), Retrieved: 25 July 2019
  4. [R. Kent Rasmussen (ed), Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia] (The Scarecrow Press, London, 1979) Retrieved 8 August 2019"
  5. [Mary Akers (ed.), Encyclopaedia Rhodesia] (The College Press, Salisbury, 1973) Retrieved 8 August 2019"
  6. 11 Local Authorities’ Elect Mayors, 263 Chat, Published: 15 September 2023, Retrieved: 5 October 2023

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